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Structure and regulations

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Contracts

Library

Among the Istituto Motori facilities the library plays an important role, with more than 3000 books and 300 reviews available also on line.

Recent News

Teseo

(Italiano) Varo del Peschereccio Ibrido realizzato nell’ambito del Progetto TESEO

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(Italiano) Modelli statistici per la stima dei fattori di emissione veicolari

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MCFD41

(Italiano) Conversione termo-chimica di biomasse in sistemi waste-to-energy

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MCFD31

(Italiano) Combustione in micro-turbine a gas

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(Italiano) Modellistica

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Mm1

(Italiano) Dinamica di spray e impatto su parete riscaldata

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Curve di voltammetria ciclica per due celle di uno stack PEM da 500 W

Electrochemical systems for energy generation and storage in automotive and steady-state applications

Electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques are used for fuel cell performance and reliability investigation. The balance of plant (BoP) components integration and management are analyzed for small size systems (4-20 kW). H2 storage and CO2 capture processes are investigated by adsorption on solid materials. Efficiency curves of a 2,4 kW PEM Stack and overall Fuel Cell

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M_Figura1

Characterisation of bio-derived gaseous fuels

Assessing properties of biogas and syngas as biomass-derived alternative fuels, as a function of composition and operating conditions. The activity is aimed at suggesting guidelines (design specifications and operating strategies) for the development of high-efficiency, ultra low-emission combined heat and power (CHP) systems. Flame propagation for methane, syngas and biogas (P0=6 bar, Φ =1.0) ]

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Characterisation of antropogenic aerosols

The nucleation and growth of antropogenic aerosols are investigated by monitoring the cluster formation from molecular to nanometric dimensions by using mass spectrometry/molecular beam methods. Recent significant findings suggest that carboxylic acid may play a significant role as a pre-nucleation embryos in the formation of aerosols in wet environments (ChemPhysChem 2015, 16, 3021 – 3029).

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SImpA

Vibroacoustics

Activities in Vibroacoustics include numerical simulations through techniques as FEM, BEM, SEA, and multibody simulation of vehicle and subsystems aimed at the optimization of the acoustic and vibration behaviour. Particular attention is paid toward the study of gas-dynamic noise produced by the intake and exhaust systems and the implementation of innovative methods based on auto-regressive

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Dsc_001

High performance dynamic test bed

In this laboratory study and optimization activities on reciprocating internal combustion engines, in steady and transient operation, are possible thanks to the following facilities: AVL AC transient dyno (12000 rpm, 525 Nm, 250 kW), with AVL Emcon 400 digital controller; AVL Puma Open/ ISAC 400 software for simulation of driving cycles, including driver behavior; 8

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ovb

Laboratory on electric energy storage systems and electric/hybrid propulsion systems

– AC/DC bidirectional power converters for experimental tests on storage modules through charging/discharging cycles – Dynamic brake benches for experiments on electric drives supplied by hybrid energy storage systems on standard loading cycles Electric traction system for urban bus supplied by a ZEBRA battery pack in hybrid configuration with EDLCs (Electric Double Layer Capacitors) under

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lldpA

Laser and Mass Spectrometry Laboratory

– Exhaust analysis (Time of Flight mass spectrometry). – Photoionization spectroscopy of clusters produced in supersonic expansion (tunable single photon ionization and Na-doping/UV photoionization. Molecular beam/Time of flight Mass Spectrometer experimental apparatus  

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va3

Vibroacoustics laboratory

Experimental tests of noise and vibration produced by complex systems such as vehicles, subsystems, etc. by means of vibrational acquisitions, intensity analysis , modal analysis, analysis of sound absorption of materials, analysis of transmission loss and beamforming appropriately integrated also for the validation of numerical models developed to optimize noise and vibration. Modal testing of

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Migliardini_LAB

Electrochemical System Laboratory

Experimental set-upfor fuel cell system/battery characterization up to 30 kW. Electrochemical workstation for electrode processes investigation. Device for adsorption studies on solid materials related to H2 storage and CO2 capture (0.5-5 L/min). Experimental set-up for fuel cell system characterization up to 30 kW and fuel cell system of 6 kW for hybrid powertrain fuel cell/batteries.

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Moccia_Bomba

DHARMA laboratory

DHARMA laboratory for the characterization of gaseous fuels Study of the combustion kinetics of gaseous mixtures (burning velocity, instability phenomena), in real-life conditions, by means of optical and conventional diagnostics, with high time and space resolution. High pressure DHARMA test cell Methane-air flame (P0=6 bar, Φ =1.0) – high-speed shadowgraph (7000 fps)  

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CasoVolkswagen

Volkswagen affaire

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platinum

Platinum

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NCAA3

Nucleation and growth of antropogenic aerosols

Aerosols, namely particles  with sizes from few nanometres to several microns suspended in a gas, are ubiquitous  and constituents of atmosphere.  Since 2005,  in the Laser and Mass Spectrometry Laboratory of Istituto Motori, investigations on the new particles formation are carried out by monitoring the nucleation of vapours in laboratory experiments and by studying structures

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modeling

Computational Fluid Dynamics

The role of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is today well recognised as a valuable tool for the analysis of the thermo-fluidynamic phenomena underlying the energy conversion process in various kind of systems. Numerical simulation allows performing virtual tests about different geometrical configurations or governing parameters within relatively short times and at negligible costs in comparison

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Immagine 1 (Medium)

Nanostructures, Nanomaterials and Complex Fluids, X-ray and Light Scattering

Since 2003 the team of the Aerosol and Nanostructures lab, which was started in 1999, makes routinely the synthesis of one dimensional (1D) nanomaterials and nanoparticles both organic (carbon nanotubes) and inorganic (Zinc and Bismuth nanotubes). The lab group uses original set-ups designed and realized in home that perform the Chemical Vapour Deposition route for

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Rel (Small)

Reliability of the Propulsion Systems

The reliability, that is the ability of a product to operate correctly for a given time and under specified operating conditions, is one of the main performance indexes of the means of transportation and of their subsystems, such as the engine. The importance of such index has greatly increased over the last few years, because of

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mixing

Mixing Process

Laser Doppler and Phase Doppler Velocimetry have been extensively used at Istituto Motori within optical accessible engines to obtain detailed measurements of one or two components of the velocity field and size of fuel droplets, joined to a planar technique, the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), to provide a clearer illustrations of the flow field structure

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emissioni

Particulate Formation

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the European Union (EU) have emphasized the need for regulating the dimensional characterization of the particle exhaust emissions from i.c. engines : the next Euro VI limit, to be adopted by 2015, will concern  the exhaust particle size from diesel engines. Measurements performed in Instituto Motori using optical systems

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VeicVibroA

Vibroacustics

Over the last decade, customer demands regarding acoustic performance, along with the tightening of the legal regulations on noise emission levels and human exposure to noise, have made the acoustic behaviour into an important criterion in many design problems. In the automotive industry, for instance, the passenger’s acoustic comfort has become an important commercial asset.

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combustione

Combustion of Gaseous and Liquid Fuels

Using specific optical diagnostics investigations are carried out inside the combustion chamber as well as in simulators (combustion bombs, shock tube, experiments on single droplet and sprays in evaporating/combustion conditions) with the aid of optical techniques and numerical simulation. The research activity is intended to examine in depth the processes of evaporation and combustion of

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Future Transportation Fuels

Synthesis, Recycling and Combustion of Metallic Nanoclusters Systematic studies on the feasibility to burn metallic nanoparticles in an engine cycle have been undertaken. The idea lies on two main characteristics: some metal fuels contain two and three times more energy content per unit volume than the conventional liquid fuels while under certain conditions the metal

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Stationary Systems of Energy Production

The Institute is also active for the study of the fuel-cell applications within the frame of stationary production related to electric power generation and thermal energy. The research activities of the Istituto Motori in this sector have been recently focused on systems based on micro-turbines, with the aim to study the use of gaseous and

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Hybrid Propulsion Systems

High Efficiency Energy Systems for Transport Applications  Road transport and power plants for energy production are almost entirely dependent on fossil sources and are considered responsible of a significant and growing share of CO2 anthropogenic emissions. The objectives of decarbonisation, energy security and urban air quality can be achieved by the development of novel energy

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Em1R

Environment

Road transport contributes significantly to urban air pollution in many countries. Mobile sources produce several important air pollutants, such as air toxics and greenhouse gases. The most widely used models for the atmospheric emission inventories and scenarios are based on the emission factor approach: for road traffic an emission factor (EF) represents the relationship between

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Fuels

Fuels

During the last decade, alternative fuels have had a larger diffusion, especially in niche applications. Recent European energy policy has promoted the diffusion of renewable energy sources to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) from fossil fuels. In this context also biofuels production has increased. The problems of land use competition with primary human needs, connected to

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devices

Electronic Control

Engine Technology: Advanced Components The electronic control has become a fundamental and essential element for the management of  different systems installed on board of vehicles, ranging from those controlling the combustion process, those regulating the energy flows in hybrid propulsion to those assisting and improving vehicle dynamic behaviour.The research activities carried out in this sector

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Compression Ignition Engines

Engine Technology: toward “Near Zero Emissions” c.i. engines   Based on its better thermodynamic efficiency with respect to the spark-ignition (SI) engine, the compression ignition engine will be the most attractive powered solution for different classes of vehicles. The key-word for the development of  the future CI engines is “flexibility”, in terms of performance, operating

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Spark Ignition Engines

The antithetical goals of reducing fuel consumption and emission levels, improving torque and power is currently achieved through the so-called downsizing, consisting in engine displacement reduction connected to a higher compression ratio. This approach allows to reach a better global efficiency, thanks to supercharging with variable geometry turbine (VGT).  Knock  is controlled by means of

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