Costa Michela


Tel: +39 081 7177 154
Fax: +39 081 2396097




  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Thermo-fluid-dynamics in energy conversion systems
  • Optimization of internal combustion direct injection engines
  • Liquid injection and spray dynamics
  • Biomass gasification
  • Waste incineration and waste-to-energy systems
  • Chemical kinetics of combustion


Main Scientific Publications

  • M. Costa, G. Di Blasio, M. V. Prati, M. A. Costagliola, D. Cirillo, M. La Villetta, C. Caputo, G. Martoriello: Multi-objective optimization of a syngas powered reciprocating engine equipping a biomass powered CHP unit, Applied Energy, in press, 2020.
  • C. Caputo, D. Cirillo, M. Costa, M. La Villetta, G. Martoriello, D. Piazzullo, R. Tuccillo: Optimization of the Efficiency in a Syngas Powered Si Engine Through Numerical Studies Related to the Geometry of the Combustion Chamber, Chemical Engineering Transactions, Vol. 80, pp. 19-24, 2020, DOI: 10.3303/CET2080004.
  • C. T. Chang, M. Costa, M. La Villetta, A. Macaluso, D. Piazzullo, L. Vanoli: Thermo-economic analyses of a Taiwanese combined CHP system fuelled with syngas from rice husk gasification, Energy, Vol. 167, pp. 766-780, 2019, DOI: 10.1016/
  • M. Costa, D. Cirillo, V. Rocco, R. Tuccillo, M. La Villetta, C. Caputo, G. Martoriello: Characterization and Optimization of Heat Recovery in a Combined Heat and Power Generation Unit, Tecnica Italiana-Journal of Engineering Science, Vol. 63, pp. 447-451, 2019.
  • M. Costa, V. Rocco, C. Caputo, D. Cirillo, G. Di Blasio, M. La Villetta, G. Martoriello, R. Tuccillo: Model based optimization of the control strategy of a gasifier coupled with a spark ignition engine in a biomass powered cogeneration system, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 11, pp. 40 – 83, 2019, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114083.
  • C. Caputo, D. Cirillo, M. Costa, M. La Villetta, R. Tuccillo, R. Villani: Numerical Analysis of a Combined Heat and Power Generation Technology from Residual Biomasses, Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 12, pp. 300-321, 2018, DOI: 10.17265/1934-8975/2018.06.003.
  • D. Piazzullo, M. Costa, L. Allocca, A. Montanaro, V. Rocco: Schlieren and Mie scattering techniques for the ECN “spray G” characterization and 3D CFD model validation, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 28 No. 2, pp. 498-515, 2018, DOI: 10.1108/HFF-03-2017-0120.
  • D. Piazzullo, M. Costa, Z. Petranovic, M. Vujanovic, M. La Villetta, C. Caputo, D. Cirillo: CFD Modelling of a Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engine Fuelled with Syngas for a mCHP System, Chemical Engineering Transactions, Vol. 65, pp. 13-18, 2018, DOI:10.3303/CET1865003.
  • M. Costa, D. Piazzullo: Biofuel powering of internal combustion engines: production routes, effect on performance and CFD modeling of combustion, Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 4, pp. 9, 2018, DOI: 10.3389/fmech.2018.00009.
  • M. Costa, C. Curcio, D. Piazzullo, V. Rocco, R. Tuccillo: RDF incineration modelling trough thermo-chemical conversion and gaseous combustion coupling, Energy, Vol. 161, pp. 974-987, 2018, DOI: 10.1016/
  • M. La Villetta, M. Costa, D. Cirillo, N. Massarotti, L. Vanoli: Performance analysis of a biomass powered micro-cogeneration system based on gasification and syngas conversion in a reciprocating engine, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 175, pp. 33-48, 2018, DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.08.017.
  • G. Marseglia, M. Costa, F. Catapano, P. Sementa, B. M:, Vaglieco: Study about the link between injection strategy and knock onset in an optically accessible multi-cylinder GDI engine, Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 134, pp. 1-19, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2016.12.012.
  • D. Capuano, M. Costa, S. Di Fraia, N. Massarotti, L. Vanoli: Direct use of waste vegetable oil in internal combustion engines, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 69, pp. 759-770, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.016.
  • M. La Villetta, M. Costa, N. Massarotti: Modelling approaches to biomass gasification: A review with emphasis on the stoichiometric method, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 74, pp. 71-88, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.02.027.
  • M. Costa, M. La Villetta, N. Massarotti, D. Piazzullo, V. Rocco: Numerical analysis of a compression ignition engine powered in the dual-fuel mode with syngas and biodiesel, Energy, Vol. 137, pp. 969-979, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/
  • S. Di Fraia, N. Massarotti, L. Vanoli, M. Costa: Thermo-economic analysis of a novel cogeneration system for sewage sludge treatment, Energy, Vol. 115, pp. 1560-1571, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/
  • M. Costa, F. Catapano, P. Sementa, U. Sorge, B. M. Vaglieco: Mixture preparation and combustion in a GDI engine under stoichiometric or lean charge: an experimental and numerical study on an optically accessible engine, Applied Energy, Vol. 180, pp. 86-103, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.07.089.
  • S. Boccardi, F. Catapano, M. Costa, P. Sementa, U. Sorge, B. M. Vaglieco: Optimization of a GDI engine operation in the absence of knocking through numerical 1D and 3D modelling, Advances in Engineering Software, Vol. 95, pp. 38-50, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.advengsoft.2016.01.023.
  • M. Costa, N. Massarotti, A. Mauro, F. Arpino, V. Rocco: CFD modelling of a RDF incineration plant, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 101, pp- 710-719, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.01.073.
  • M. Costa, U. Sorge, S. S. Merola, A. Irimescu, M. La Villetta, V. Rocco: Split injection in a homogeneous stratified gasoline direct injection engine for high combustion efficiency and low pollutants emission, Energy, Vol. 117, pp. 405-415, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/
  • A. Montanaro, L. Allocca, M. Costa, U. Sorge: Assessment of a 3D CFD model for GDI spray impact against wall through experiments based on different optical techniques, International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol. 84, pp. 204-216, 2016, 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2016.05.007.